The 4 Types of Cannabis Seeds
Photoperiod seeds follow a natural growth cycle that is closely follows the changing seasons and the amount of light they receive.
These seeds require a specific balance of light and darkness to trigger their flowering stage. During their vegetative stage, photoperiod plants focus on developing a robust root and foliage system. With shorter days, these plants detect the shift in light duration and initiate their flowering phase when they grow outdoors. If you are growing indoors you will need to change the light cycle.
The ability to respond to changes in the light cycle enables cultivators to exercise greater control over the timing of flowering. This makes photoperiod seeds an ideal choice for those who wish to manipulate their cultivation schedule. It can also help align with specific environmental conditions or personal preferences.
Autoflower seeds, a revolutionary advancement in cannabis breeding, offer a distinct departure from the traditional photoperiod-dependent growth cycle.
These seeds start flowering automatically, regardless of the amount of light they receive. This unique trait stems from taking genetics from the cannabis ruderalis subspecies, which evolved in regions with extremely short growing seasons. As a result, autoflower cannabis plants transition from vegetative growth to flowering with remarkable speed, often in a matter of weeks. This rapid life cycle makes them particularly appealing to growers seeking quicker turnarounds and multiple harvests within a single growing season.
Autoflower seeds are well-suited for both indoor and outdoor cultivation, as they thrive under a wide range of lighting conditions. This flexibility, combined with their compact size, makes autoflowers an attractive option for those with limited space.
Feminized seeds represent a remarkable advancement in cannabis breeding. They offer a solution to a fundamental concern for growers: the gender of their cannabis plants.
These seeds ensure a 99.9% chance of yielding female plants. This greatly reduces the need to identify and remove male plants, which don’t produce the desired buds. Male plants also can potentially pollinate females, producing unwanted seeds in your buds.
Feminized seeds provide growers with greater consistency and efficiency in their cultivation efforts, as every plant can deliver valuable flowers. This precision in gender control has transformed the cannabis cultivation landscape, allowing growers to maximize their time and resources with confidence.
Regular seeds are the foundational building blocks of cannabis genetics.
Unlike their feminized counterparts, these seeds have not undergone any changes to ensure gender specificity. When planted, regular seeds have an equal chance of developing into either male or female plants.
While this might seem less controlled compared to feminized seeds, regular seeds play a crucial role in preserving genetic diversity. They offer growers the opportunity to explore and refine breeding projects. They also let growers select the most vigorous and desirable phenotypes for further propagation.